Calvin history department quick guides for writing papers 1 format and citations for history papers this guide is intended as a quick reference to writing papers according to the chicago manual of style, the authority for academic citation that is most often used in history writing.
Historical sources are typically divided into two categories primary and. Give specific examples of differences between your frame of reference and that of the. Secondary sources, including your own research paper, are constructed for.
Failure to cite sources results in plagiarism and this brings about hefty penalties. Television documentaries, conferences, biographies, essays, and critiques of.
Depending on the essay being written, both primary sources and secondary. To do this, look at the references, works cited, bibliography, or internet links (for.).
Primary sources can overturn generalisations about historical events. A secondary source could be an essay, journal article, book or pictorial recreation of an.
The basic elements to include in a citation for an online source are author of the document, title of the document, title of the website, author or producer of the website, url, date (if given) and date accessed.
This white paper focuses on how to identify and use primary sources. Analyzing historical primary sources about science expands critical thinking and promotes.
Students must write an essay that compares the content of these.
Finding primary sources primary sources from docsteach thousands of.
By studying primary sources, materials produced during a particular time, or providing. Please see the analytical and interpretive essays for history courses. Writing an annotated bibliography is an important step in any research project.
Explore primary sources, visit exhibitions in person or online, or bring your. On the gilder lehrman website essays, multimedia, spotlights on primary sources,.
Identifying and using primary sources requires careful thought and some extra.
As you all know, the department of history has a style guide that. The assignment of preparing a research paper for a college-level history. And comparing secondary history sources, such as monographs and journal articles. The writing guides listed later in this guide will show you how to cite sources. Historical analyses within the final paper, then implemented these over a. Lative primary source literacy exercises into a history survey course. Sponsible for initial item selection, based on in-depth conversations with the.
Finding worthwhile secondary sources will save you a lot of. This is sort of a research paper, but i m not setting you. If you really do want to or need to use and cite a secondary source, please run it. First reference this is the first time a particular source is cited in your footnotes. Cluttering up the appearance of the essay and economizing on space and words. Emma smith, using secondary data in educational and social research.
Footnotes document the sources of the information used in a history paper. After the first time you use a source, abbreviate the citation with the authors last name,. Work in an anthology (including primary sources in edited collections). If you are using an online primary source from a website, follow the format below authors last name, first name. Title of website, publisher of website, publication date, url.
Every paper that you submit should be based upon your own research and analysis. They provide a reference to the source for the material, interpretation,. Must distinguish between the actual words of a primary source and any discussion.
A research guide from the reference and user service association history section in the american library. Entire web site articles and essays cartoons and illustrations films. Many collections include specific items, such as timelines, family trees or scholarly essays, which are not primary source documents. Often represent the historical perspectives and opinions of the time of publication. Making bibliographic sense of primary sources citing electronic primary sources. The first primary source we are going to cite was written by p. The name of the paper the in which the article is published. In the maritime history archive on memorial universitys campus students and.